LZI Kalsuanzia Etteh huai

LZI Kalsuan zia etteh huai thu


Leitungbup Zomi Innkuan kipawlna min tawh a ki vaihawm ahi, November 2010 sung, Tonzang leh Tedim kikal a tuahsiate galna leh siatvatna ding vaihawmnate a hunzui in zo to thei zeel ihih man in i lungdam hi.

Hih bang in kicing tak in theihsakna muthei ihih man in lungdam mahmah hi.

Zogam leh Zomi bup huam kipawlna khat I neih sun ahi ih LZI i mission trip vai i sim khak ciang lunkim huai kasa hi.

I vaihawm dante zong etteh huai leh ciapteh tak hi. A diakdiak in i sum leh paai hawm dante ah a tamzaw i thukimdan lian in i kalsuan theih loh hang, a tawmzaw i deihna thupi simsakna tawh expense a tawm theithei ding in zeek theih na ding, khiapna nei thei ihih man in Democracy vai mahmah ahih ban ah Innkuan lungsim nei takpi ihihna kilang a, thupi kasa hi.

A tuahsiate i khua leh tui va sik ngiat ding uh cih pen thupi kan lai hi. Mun khat ah kaikhawm ziau leh zong hi thei a, ahih kei leh mimal khat leh nih va pai ziau in, va puak ziau leh zong ahi thei thu hi. Sum tawm bei pen ding ci-in Vangleng antang khiat bang in khiat ziau, khak sawn ziau, gal lot ziau zong ahi thei hi.

Hi mah tase leh i mipihte’ ki tangsappi pen ahi sum leh paai ban ah, nat leh sat khit, lau thawngna leh dipkuatna hun khit in Leitung thu, Khathu tawh tha pia ngiat, thu leh la kikup pih ngiat in, thungetna leh sum leh paai tawh panpihna a nei thei ding suak ihih man in Zomi bup bek thamlo mi khempeuh’ i etteh tak nasep zia leh kalsuan ziapi khat ahi hi.

Laito pa/ laihawmpa in a tavuan nasepna in lai a piak ziau dan bang hi samlo in, cinate, misite’ khua leh tui va siik ngiat ngiat ding cih pen LZI i lim leh meel hong na pulak ding uh, sum leh paai a pia khia tuipi gal a om Zomi mipite’ itna va pulak khia ngiat ding uh ahih man in manpha mahmah hi. Cina damkang khat peuh, gim leh tawl leh lauthawng tawh dipkua a a om king kiang lai khat sum ngah ding ci in va sam khialo zaw a, amau omna ciang dong I va puak zawhna pen mipi I thusimna, mimal I khualna ahi a Zomi sung ah i ki taang sap mahmah thu ahi hi.

Khua kiim, khua paam a om makai muanhuai khat leh nih peuh ki vai khak ziau thei mah ding hi.

Ahih hang in kipawlna min ngiat tawh pai in, tha piakna pen Zomi mipi leh i Kipawlnapi hong kizom sak ahih ban ah, khua leh tui makaite, Siate, U Lian makaite tuamtuamte tawh ki lawmtakna bawl theihna pen a manpha pen hun leh I kisap pen thu khat ahi hi.

Tutung LZI tang in Zogam khua tuamtuamte sik in ong na paisakna tungtawn un mailam ah Zogam I zuun na ding ah koi mun ah, bang teng kisam cih (need assessment) ong na bawl kawm pah uh zong suak hi. Mimal khat leh nih I gal gensawn bek hilo in, I kipawlnapi tang in a mit tawh va mu, amau ngiat in va kan ding uh a, thu leh la tampi hong puak kik thei ding uh (Zogam I ki tansapna, LZI I mabante) ong pulak thei ding uh ahih man in I nasapnate hong tangzai to tektek ahihna kimu khin zo in, angtan huai mahmah hi.

I tanu palaite cidam ludam in a khualzinna uh hong zo uh hen la, thu hoih la hoih a za kik thei ding in mimal kim ciat Topan’ thupha hong piak sak ta hen.




January 23, 2011



jUpgrade is a simple Joomla 1.5 component that will download a version
of Joomla 1.6, decompress it and install it. After that, it should
migrate all of the data from old Joomla 1.5 to the new Joomla 1.6


  • PHP 5.x
  • Curl module of PHP enabled
  • Joomla 1.5
  • A Browser with Javascript/jQuery support

Migrations supported:

  • Banners – 100%
  • Categories – 90%
  • Contacts – 100%
  • Content – 90%
  • Menus – 50%
  • Modules – 50%
  • Newsfeeds – 100%
  • Users – 95%
  • Weblinks – 100%
  • Templates – 20%

Migrations in development:

  • 3rd party extensions support

3rd party extensions:

Documentation comming soon.


Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Chrome
Linux Yes ? Yes
Windows Yes No ? ?


Latest develpment version v0.5.2



When you get the file, you need to login on the administration of our Joomla 1.5 and then you will need to go to the installation menu.

Later we need to selected our downloaded file to begin the installation.

The steps to test it

1) Install the component in your Joomla 1.5 site.
2) Run the upgrade

Migrating from Joomla 1.5 to Joomla 1.6

From Joomla! Documentation

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With Joomla 1.6 officially released, there have been a lot of questions as to how to migrate or upgrade to Joomla 1.6 from 1.5. This guide will take you step-by-step through the general procedure of how to migrate to Joomla 1.6. Please read through all the material as this is not a light undertaking.



Before Upgrading

Don’t let the numerical closeness of 1.5 and 1.6, mislead you. Joomla 1.6 took three years to develop and has been a major undertaking. Countless hours have been spent by many volunteers from around the world to put it all together. Although much of the code is the same from Joomla 1.5, much of it has been written from the ground up, and the changes are comparable to the changes from Joomla 1.0 to 1.5. Because the changes from Joomla 1.5 to 1.6 are so large and because of the massive effort put into getting Joomla 1.6 to where it is today, there is no core upgrade path, this is indeed a migration. In planned future releases of Joomla (which will be released every 6 months), such as Joomla 1.7, 1.8, etc, the changes from version to version will be more incremental and a core upgrade path is planned. Now that Joomla 1.6 is finally here and stable, a community initiative led by the developers of Joomla is turning towards jUpgrade (a 3rd party Joomla extension on the JED originally developed by Matias Aguirre) for help and to help. Many of Joomla’s developers (who are all volunteers that freely contribute their time) are volunteering to put the finishing touches on jUpgrade.

jUpgrade allows you to migrate from Joomla 1.5 to 1.6. Lets get started!

Review the Requirements

Please, please save yourself (and possibly your clients) a lot of headaches and make sure that your server (and in the case of jUpgrade, your browser too) is up for the task. please review the technical requirements for Joomla! 1.6. Please review the requirements for jUpgrade as well.

Before You Get Started

Before you get started, there are a few things that you are going to have to check and/or think about:

  1. Is your Joomla 1.5 version up to date? At the time of the writing of this tutorial the most up-to-date version of Joomla 1.5 is 1.5.22. Much of the testing of the migration has been done from Joomla 1.5.22 to Joomla 1.6. If your version is not up-to-date you should probably upgrade to 1.5.22 before migrating, especially if you are running Joomla 1.5.11 or lower. Please see the tutorial on upgrading.
  2. Do all your extensions have Joomla 1.6 native versions? At the time of the writing of this tutorial there are 108 available on the JED. Please note that jUpgrade is not currently able to upgrade Joomla 3rd party extensions, so those will have to be done via their respective upgrade procedures. This is however a work in progress.
  3. Have you modified any core files? Any changes that you have made to core files in Joomla will be lost so please be forewarned.
  4. Is there a Joomla 1.6 compatible template available from your template provider? If not, do you feel comfortable making the changes yourself? There are a couple good resources:
    1. Chad Windnagle’s Joomla Community blog
    2. Chris Davenport’s “Template Changes for Joomla 1.6” presentation
    3. Joomla’s Docs Template Tutorial Please note that although jUpgrade is not able to currently upgrade templates, the developers are working hard at implementing the feature.
  5. Is your language pack available in Joomla 1.6? Find your Joomla1 1.6 Translation.
  6. Do you have folder or file permissions issues in your Joomla 1.5 installation? Tutorial on Folder & File Permissions
  7. Do you NEED to migrate to Joomla 1.6? Joomla 1.5 is powerful and very mature. For many people there is not a need to rush into Joomla 1.6. Joomla will continue to support Joomla 1.5 for at least another year and three months, releasing security updates and bug squashing updates when needed.

The two main features of Joomla 1.6 that makes it superior to Joomla 1.5 are: Access Control List (ACL) and nested categories. Gone are the days of simply having guests, registered users, authors, and editors, without being able to specify what they can and can’t do in the frontend. Also, with 1.6 you can have more flexibility of organizing (and therefore displaying) your content with nicely organized categories within categories. No more being restricted to the section >> category structure. Those are all great things to have (especially the ACL), however, for many 1.5 users, it isn’t needed. The main point is to decide for yourself:

Backup, Backup, Backup

Skipping this part is perhaps the biggest mistake you can make. If you have a proper backup (or several) you can always revert back if needed. However, if you don’t properly backup your site and something goes wrong, you are going to waste a lot of valuable time, and sometimes a lot money, getting things back to the way they were. So please backup! If you don’t know how, please see steps 1 through 5 here: http://www.ostraining.com/blog/joomla/how-to-move-a-jomla-site-from-local-to-live-server/


Download jUpgrade

Download the latest version of jUpgrade.

alt=Download jUpgrade

Optional Testing Environment

If you are really nervous by this point and your heart is beating fast, then you should probably set up a testing environment. You can follow this tutorial to make a copy of your site to test on your localhost or another remote server: http://www.ostraining.com/blog/joomla/how-to-move-a-jomla-site-from-local-to-live-server/

Install jUpgrade

Go to your Joomla backend. e.g. www.yoursite.com/administrator

Extensions >> Install/Uninstall

alt=Installing jUpgrade

Browse >> Select com_jupgrade >> Upload File & Install

alt=Installing jUpgrade


Components >> jUpgrade

alt=Access jUpgrade

Start Upgrade

alt=Start jUpgrade

alt=Run jUpgrade

Do not exit the screen until everything has finished loading. Scroll down to check if finished.

alt=jUpgrade Finished


Behind the Scenes

As explained in the background information, the changes from Joomla 1.5 and 1.6 are quite significant. The fact that jUpgrade creates a new Joomla 1.6 installation for us is, in my opinion, pure genius. If the migration process was not 100% successful, your Joomla 1.5 is still perfectly intact and none of your users are affected. You have an opportunity to check out your site both in the frontend and the backend to make sure everything is up to par. So what actually happens? jUpgrade downloads the latest version of Joomla 1.6 for you to the jupgrade directory (which it creates) in the root folder of your Joomla 1.5 installation. It then extracts all the files from the download. Once extraction has completed, jUpgrade installs Joomla 1.6 and then proceeds to migrate your old database to the new Joomla 1.6 database which it has created. Your Joomla 1.6 site will be installed in www.mysites.com/jupgrade assuming that your Joomla 1.5 installation is in your html root.

Check Your Joomla! 1.6

Please do a full site review of your Joomla 1.6 installation and make sure everything is set up properly. Your Joomla 1.6 site will be installed in www.mysites.com/jupgrade assuming that your Joomla 1.5 installation is in your html root. Here is a general checklist to check:

  • Banners
  • Categories
  • Contacts
  • Content
  • Menus
  • Modules
  • Newsfeeds
  • Users
  • Weblinks
  • Templates – Work is currently being done on the template upgrade feature of jUpdate and it is not yet fully functional. Your module positions may have to be adjusted in module manager.

Backup Joomla! 1.6

If everything looks good to go, then let’s backup the new Joomla 1.6 installation. You can follow this tutorial: http://www.ostraining.com/blog/joomla/how-to-backup-a-joomla-16-site/

Overview of the Rest of the Process

Quick overview of what we are going to try to do now:

  1. Relocate our Joomla 1.5 installation to a subfolder as a “just in case”.
  2. Relocate our Joomla 1.6 installation to the html folder.

‘It should happen in this order’ If you do it in reverse order, the Joomla 1.6 files will get mixed with the Joomla 1.5 files (many of 1.5 files will be overwritten) and you will have a big mess! Your site will likely still work, but it’s a security ticking time bomb waiting to go off.

Going Live

Next log onto your host’s file manager (e.g. cPanel, Plesk, etc) or an FTP Client, however, preferably a file manager. The general procedure is (it should take about 30 seconds if you review the steps before you start):

  1. Create a subfolder (e.g. myoldsite) for the Joomla 1.5 installation in your html root, e.g. public_html/myoldsite
  2. Select all the folders (***except the jupgrade folder***) and files in the html root and move them into the Joomla 1.5 subfolder (e.g. myoldsite)
  3. Select all the folders and files in the jupgrade folder and move them to the html root
  4. Double check the frontend and backend

You can use this tutorial to guide you through the process: http://www.ostraining.com/blog/joomla/move-a-joomla-site-from-test-directory-to-live/


How You can Contribute & Help

Creating an extension as significant as jUpgrade requires an enormous amount of time and effort considering the major structural changes between Joomla 1.5 and 1.6. Add to this the fact that during each release of Joomla 1.6 betas, the extension would have to be modified to work with the new changes between releases, and all of a sudden it’s too hard for any one person to complete in a short period of time (especially when you are not being paid). With this being said, it’s time to step up and make a difference, whether big or small. Have you profited from Joomla in the last year? Are you excited about the future of Joomla? Would you like to contribute back and show your gratitude? Now you can in this project! We, as part of the Joomla community, are calling on the entire Joomla community to help out in whatever way you can. You don’t have to be a master developer, just go through this tutorial on a test site and if you come across any bugs, report it. If you know how to fix it, create a patch for it. If you are a master developer, step up to the challenge.

Gmail POP/ SMTP Setup

One of the biggest advantages of using Gmail for me has been having the capacity to have all my email accounts coming into the one spot, which I can access from anywhere that has internet access!

Gmail’s Mail Fetcher can download messages from up to five other email accounts, centralising all your email in Gmail. I have created some step by step instructions with screen images to take you through how you can set up Gmail to fetch email from your other email accounts.

Step 1

Once you have logged into your Gmail account, click on Settings in the top right hand corner.

Step 2

In the Settings menu you have a number of options to choose from. Click on Accounts.

Step 3

From the options in Accounts, select Add another email address.

Step 4

Enter the email address that you want Gmail to fetch mail from.

Step 5

You will need to enter the password to your other email account where the green arrow is pointing. Gmail will fill in most of the information for you on this screen. Depending on what type of email account you are fetching email from, you may need to change the information highlighted with the red arrow.

Step 5

The next screen should say that your mail account has been added. If you want to send emails as well from this account. It is essential that you click yes as indicated by the green arrow and follow the next steps.

Step 6

Enter the name that you would you would like to appear when you send emails from this account.

Step 7

Gmail will need to verify that you own the account which you are adding. Click on Send verification. This will send an email to the account that you are trying to add to Gmail.

Step 8

Check your email account for the verification email. Once received you will have two options:
(1). Click on link in email.
(2). Enter code from email. (In the image above I have entered the code.)

Step 9

Gmail should then take you back to the Accounts tab under the Setting options as illustrated above.

If you have set up Gmail address to move your email account on line and want to still use your other email account as your main email account, you will need to change the default settings.

The green arrow above is pointing to the Make default function. Click that option to make your added account the default email address from which you will send email.

Step 10

If you have multiple email accounts that you use regularly, I recommend checking the radio button highlighted by the green arrow. This will ensure that replies that you send to people will come from the same address the message was sent to.

And that is it! You now have your emails coming into the same place, have a fantastic spam filter in operation and have massive amounts of storage space.